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Archive for July, 2012

Detoxification and Drug Treatment Facilities – What is Addiction and What Happens in Rehab?

Saturday, July 21st, 2012

Incidences of drug addiction are increasing as social drug use becomes more prevalent each year. Although drug addiction has been a major problem for hundreds of years, more is understood about the nature of addiction today. Years ago, those caught in the vicious life of drug addiction had very few options and those options did nothing to help the nature of the problem, they simply treated the symptoms.

The truth about addiction

Addiction is a disease that is progressive and fatal if not arrested. Most drug treatment facilities and professionals now base their treatment on the fact that if an addict achieves sobriety, the first hit or shot will take them straight back to their previous existence of obsessively and compulsively seeking drugs.

This disease leaves the sufferer living a painful existence, ruled by their need for drugs. The narcotic dependency is only a symptom of a deeper problem. The drugs are not the issue but a result of the underlying problems and the need to escape from uncomfortable feelings. No matter what the consequences, an addict will still use drugs as the compulsion to consume them is so great. This is why families are broken, marriages fail, jobs are lost, houses are repossessed and health and hygiene decline rapidly as a result of drug addiction.

When a drug user’s life has become completely unmanageable, rehabilitation is incredibly beneficial at arresting the disease and beginning a process of recovery. Drug treatment facilities offer intensive in-patient programmes for addiction treatment.

Firstly, an addict needs to detox from drugs if they have formed a physical dependence on them as their bodies will enter a state of withdrawal.


Drug treatment centres always carry a policy regarding detoxification and admission to the centre. Some have a rule that the client must be detoxed before admission and must achieve a ‘clean’ result in a urine test. Others have a detoxification programme with the correct facilities to cope with this. Detoxification cannot be taken lightly: when the human body is physically addicted to a substance such as heroin or alcohol, the withdrawal can be fatal.

A detoxification usually requires the assistance of medicines to ease the discomfort and symptoms of withdrawal. Heroin addicts are often given Methadone and Subutex to relieve pain. These medicines must be given in metered doses by trained professionals who are experienced in coping with the detoxification process. Addicts struggling with withdrawal symptoms in confinement can be unpredictable and detox facilities and the staff should also be trained and experienced in easing client’s discomforts.

Types of treatment centres

12 Step treatment centres are structured in different stages aimed at clients in different stages of recovery. Primary Care rehabilitation is a four week, intense programme where patients receive therapy throughout the day for their addiction. Secondary care is the next stage of treatment which allows clients a little more freedom – some allow clients to go to work or attend university but the programme has strict requirements regarding curfews and daily therapy groups which must be attended. Tertiary care offers even more freedom than Secondary care as all clients are required to work, study, volunteer or be seeking employment. The therapy groups are less frequent and curfews are later.

Extended Primary care is another type of 12 Step treatment centre which offers the same intense programme as a Primary Care centre, only without luxuries such as housekeeping, catering and laundry services, therefore keeping costs down. This allows clients to remain in the treatment programme for much longer than the four weeks which Primary care offers. It has been found that addicts who complete at least three months as an in-patient in a rehabilitation centre have a much higher rate of maintaining sobriety.

Life in rehab

Drug treatment facilities will all have different programme schedules and services but a 12 Step treatment centre will generally offer individuals counselling as well as group therapy. Individuals counselling is important in addiction treatment as it provides a safe space where a client can speak freely with a counsellor with whom they work on a regular basis. Group therapy offers clients the chance to work on issues with the help and experience of other recovering addicts in the centre and the opportunity to confront issues arising in their present situation.

The 12 Steps are an integral tool in recovery. These steps provide a recovery programme which is used after the client has left the centre and provides a stable support system and tools for coping with everyday life. Treatment centres offering long term treatment facilities, therapy, a 12 Step programme and the endorsement of a healthy lifestyle have the highest success rates in addiction recovery. The combination of these factors for addiction treatment is incredibly beneficial in helping an addict to find their feet in the world and piece their lives back together.

Drug addiction can be arrested and managed if the addicted individual is able to abstain from using their drug of choice and undergo an internal change. The disease of addiction is an internal problem – people, places and things are not the problem – the addict is. Each sufferer will benefit from access to drug treatment facilities as rehab centres provide a safe place for detoxification and recovery..

Long Term Cocaine Addiction Treatment

Friday, July 20th, 2012

Long term cocaine addiction treatment programs help people recover from cocaine addiction. Many people who have used cocaine for a long period of time find that it is very challenging to quit. They begin to feel like failures and wonder if there is any help for them. The reason it is so difficult to quit after long periods of drug use is that drugs change the brain in such a way that normal behavior is abandoned. For example, when a child puts his hand on a hot surface for the first time, it hurts. He learns that there is a negative consequence to putting his hand on a hot surface, so he will not do that in the future. Cocaine addicts will experience many negative consequences because of their addiction, but the brain is changed so that they cannot stop the negative behavior.

The longer one uses cocaine, the more tolerance and dependency they will develop. For that reason, the only probable way of recovering is to get into a long term cocaine addiction treatment program. Usually, long term cocaine addiction treatment is done at an inpatient addiction treatment program; meaning the individual resides at the long term cocaine addiction treatment facility. This gives the recovering addict relief from outside sources and temptations, allowing them to focus solely on their addiction and recovery.

This form of drug addiction rehabilitation is considered to be the most successful drug rehab method currently available. A team of NIDA-funded researchers from the University of Chicago, Brown University, and Rhode Island Hospital has found that, in general, the more time a person spends in treatment for addiction, the better. Individuals who participate in long term cocaine addiction treatment are typically those with serious health/medical related issues as a result of their drug use and/or they have attended other types of drug rehabilitation with little to no success. The ultimate goal of a rehab program is to enable the individual to achieve lasting abstinence from drug use. The short term goal of rehab is to help the individual through detox and withdrawal from drugs.

Detox is riding the user’s body of the toxins that were accumulated by their drug use. Withdrawal from drugs is “the act or process of ceasing to use an addictive drug.” Once an individual has discontinued using drugs physical and behavioral withdrawal symptoms may follow. Detox is a process that helps diminish the uncomfortable symptoms of drug withdrawal. Those who go through medically assisted withdrawal to minimize discomfort but do not receive any further rehab, perform about the same in terms of their substance use as those who never attended a drug rehab. Over the last 25 years, studies have shown that attending a drug rehab works to reduce drug intake and crimes committed by drug-dependent people. Researchers also have found that drug abusers who have been through a drug rehab are more likely to have jobs. Another initial goal of long term cocaine addiction treatment is to improve the individual’s ability to function in society again. A drug rehab will help minimize the medical and social complications of drug abuse.

A Long term program refers to the length of time the treatment is. Short term programs typically run less than 30 days, a popular length of treatment is 28 days. Long term cocaine addiction treatment can run from 30 days up to a year. However, typical long term cocaine addiction treatment runs for 3-6 months. The length of one’s stay usually is dependent on the severity of the addict’s cocaine addiction.

To make a successful recovery, the individual needs new tools in order to deal with situations and problems which arise. Factors such as encountering someone from their days of using, returning to the same environment and places, or even small things such as smells and objects trigger memories which can create psychological stress. This can hinder the recovering individual’s goal of complete recovery, thus not allowing the addict to permanently regain control of his or her life.

Attending long term cocaine addiction treatment means that the individual will be spending a substantial amount of time on their drug addiction treatment program. Generally, long term drug rehab is conducted in residential treatment facilities. When an individual enters this type of rehab program they know that they have truly dedicated themselves to recovering from their drug addiction. They will be provided with care and supervision 24 hours per day, generally in nonhospital settings. The best-known long term treatment model is the therapeutic community (TC), but residential treatment may also employ other models, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Long term cocaine addiction treatment is focused on the “resocialization” of the individual. This treatment model uses the program’s entire “community,” including other residents, staff, and the social context, as active components of treatment. The focal point while in drug rehab is on developing personal accountability, responsibility and socially productive lives. The program is highly structured with activities designed to help residents examine damaging beliefs, self-concepts, and patterns of behavior and to adopt new, more harmonious and constructive ways to interact with others.

While receiving a long term cocaine addiction recovery program the individual is able to experience day to day life for a substantial period of time clean from drugs. This helps them once they complete rehab and re-enter society. With shorter treatment programs the drug addict does not get to experience any significant amount of time off drugs. They have just enough time to withdrawal, detox and take in a few lessons before they are back in the world dealing with the same social pressures that drove them to treatment in the first place. Recovery from cocaine addiction is not a quick fix process. Enrolling and completing a rehab program is a life changing accomplishment. Graduates of these programs now have their lives back and are able to be who they always knew they could without the use of cocaine..

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